B11. Rice, R. E. (Ed.) (2008). Media ownership: Research and regulation. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.


Table of Contents

Foreword -- Christopher Sterling


1. Central Concepts in Media Ownership Research and Regulation -- Ronald E. Rice
Introduction; Motivation and Context; Media Ownership Limits; Concerns: Concentration, Impacts, and Influence; The Market Model and the Public Sphere Model; Conclusion; References

2. Media and Politics in the United States Today -- Robert McChesney
Three Crises of the Media; Five Myths about the Nature of the Media System; A Change in Public Awareness and Opinion; References

3. Filtering the Media Smog: Researching the Public’s Interest in the Media Environment -- Pat Aufderheide
Media Smog; Mapping the Media: Big Media and Little Media; Crossing the Borders between Big Media and Little Media; Media Abundance and the Public Interest; Media Control and Ownership Issues; Research Needs about Funnels and Filters; References


4. The Claims of Copyright: Public Purposes and Private Property -- Mark Rose
Introduction; A Conceptual Tension underlying Copyright; Copyright and Media Concentration; Conclusion; References

5. Networking and Broadcasting in Crisis: Or, How Do We Own Computable Culture? -- William B. Warner
Owning Media Culture; Networking and Broadcasting; The Social Life of Communication; Networking versus Broadcasting; The Bias of American Communication; Or, What We Can Learn from 18th Century America to Shape Media Policy for the 21st Century?; Free Culture?; Two Principles that Should Guide the Institutionalization of the Networked Computer; References; Notes

6. The Age of the Conglomerate, Or How Six Companies Ate the New Hollywood -- Jennifer Holt
The End of the Media Conglomerate?; Reagan-Era Roots; Antitrust and the Entertainment Conglomerate; Initial Conflicts on the Path to Consolidation; Changes in Attitude and Ownership; Murdoch and Turner – New Designs on the Old Economy; Old Hollywood/New Hollywood; The Conglomerate Era, Pt. II – Hollywood Loves a Sequel; References

7. Politics of Legislating Media Ownership -- Diane E. Watson & Shawn H. Chang
Background: The 2003 FCC Proposed Media Ownership Rules; The 39% Media Ownership Cap; Media Ownership and the Legislative Process; Indecency and Media Ownership; Lessons Learned; Conclusion; References


8. Are the American Media Becoming More Concentrated? -- Eli M. Noam
A Lost Golden Age?; Today’s Debate; An Empirical Investigation of Media Concentration; The Findings; Vertical Concentration; Conclusion; References

9. Competition in Television and Radio: Trends and Policy Implications -- Benjamin Compaine
Introduction; What is Known About Media Competition?; What Is Said About Media Competition?; Approach of this Study; Does Ownership Matter?; The Video Landscape in 2005; The Radio Landscape; The Internet and World Wide Web; Conclusion; References

10. Current Media Ownership Trends -- Amy S. Mitchell
Background; Introduction; Network Television; Local Television; Cable Television; Newspapers; Radio; Magazines; Online; Ethnic Media; Alternative Media; References

11. A Crisis in the Newsroom -- A.L. Bardach
Top Editors and Journalists Discuss Media Concentration and Media Bias; The Age of Media Conglomerates and Its Consequences; Missing the Story; Bias in the Newsroom; The Bottom Line; The Internet: Freedom or Missed Opportunity; Veracity / Opinion / Fact-Checking; Misuses of Internet / Censorship / Bias; Stories Too Good to Check Out / The Access Trade / Bias; New York Times and WMD: What Went Wrong?

12. Networks of Influence: The Political Power of the Communications Industry -- John Dunbar
Introduction;Overview (Lobbying, Contributions, Junkets, Revolving Doors); Part One: The Broadcasters; Broadcast Case: Sinclair Broadcasting; Part Two: Your Phone Company; Phone Case: The Revolving Door From K Street to the Capitol; Part Three: The Cable Guys; Cable Case: Choosing Channels Is Anti-Minority?; Conclusion

13. Considering Global Media: Sociological Contributions -- Denise D. Bielby & Molly Moloney
Introduction; Media Concentration in the U.S.: The Demise of Fin-Syn; Encountering the Global Market-Media Flows; The Media Hegemony Debates; The Importance of Middle-Range Sociological Considerations; Targeting the Culture World of the Global Television Marketplace -- Mechanisms and Conventions; Managing Risks, Spanning Boundaries; Television Complex: Content, Genre, Format; Getting Beyond/Digging Beneath Trade Flows; Exporting Television Formats; Conclusion; References


14. Media Ownership and the Diversity Index: A Social Science Research Agenda -- Philip M. Napoli & Nancy Gillis
Introduction; Media Ownership, Diversity Policy, and the Diversity Index; Making and Remaking Media Ownership Policy: Points of Entry for Social Science Research; Conclusion; References; Notes

15. From Scarcity to Market Power Quid Pro Quo: Toward a Workable Right of Access in U.S. Media -- Michael M. Epstein
Introduction: Access, Diversity and Ownership: An Evolving Debate; The Current State of Access Rights; Public Access in Exchange for Market Power: Two Approaches Based on Quid Pro Quo; Applying the Quid Pro Quo Argument to Electronic Media; Impacts; Extending the Quid Pro Quo to All Conglomerate-Owned Media; Conclusion; References


16. Model Media Firms -- Kenneth Harwood
Introduction; Model Media Firms; Preliminaries; Theories; Models; A Model Media Firm; Conclusion; References

17. The Converging Trends of Media Ownership and Copyright Extension: The Impact on Access to Scholarly Information -- Sarah M. Pritchard
Introductory Context; Consolidation of Ownership in Publishing and Media Endustries; Price Manipulation and Control; Impact on Users; Globalization; Copyright Control, as a Derivative of Economic Control; Compliance Burdens; Freedom of Information and Privacy; Advocacy and Alternatives; Few Guarantees and Much Vigilance; References

18. Oppositional New Media, Ownership, and Access: From Consumption to Reconfiguration and Remediation -- Leah Lievrouw
Introduction: The Changing Media Environment; 1990s Media Ecology: Two Visions; Media Ecology Today: Oppositional New Media; Genres of Oppositional New Media; Features of Oppositional New Media; ONM, Ownership, and Access; References

19. About the Contributors